The Kashmir conflict dates back to 1947 when the partition of the Indian sub-continent due to the religious differences resulted in the formation of India and Pakistan. But at that time, there still remained problem of over 650 states, run by princes existing between the two newly freed countries.
These princely states were given the option of deciding which country to join or to remain as they were i-e independent. But the uneasy population of each province proved a crucial role in this aspect.
Although the princes wanted to remain independent meaning that monarchy would prevail in the states but due to the restless and uneasy public, they had to succumb to their people’s protests which slowly grew violent in many provinces.
Of all such states, the beautiful valley of Kashmir was also a part and it had the option to accede with either India or Pakistan. Although most of the people living in Kashmir were Muslims, the ruler named Maharaja Harj Singh was a Hindu. He was neutral about the whole situation, and as Pakistan who was promised of areas having Muslim majority, sent troops at the gates of the capital, Srinagar for the accession of Kashmir to it. As an answer, the Maharaja sought help from the Indian government and later on after fleeing to India signed the instrument of Accession, thus ceding Kashmir to India on October 26.
Since then the Pakistani and Indian government have already fought three wars over this issue and even though matter was taken to the UN government, any final verdict other than cease fire over the line of control is yet to come.
The people of Kashmir have faced difficult times since then. The women were tortured both physically and sexually whereas the men were killed brutally. The killings increased to such an intense level that it became an everyday norm for the people. In such a situation we can only pray and hope that both the countries would now let go of their massive egos and let the people of Kashmir to breathe a sigh of relief in their own country by declaring it as an independent state.
Thousands of people continue to live a miserable life in the disputed land of Kashmir, as the killing of their civilians by the Indian army continues. Caught between the two countries India and Pakistan, the people of Kashmir are the ones who have suffered the most and are still in the state of suffering. According to the people, they state that they are living in a terrible condition as they never know when the security forces and militants would take over their loved ones to torture and kill them. According to statistical figures lives of more than 60,000 people have been lost and they were mostly innocent civilians, who have died for no sin during the 15 year conflict.
Half a million Kashmir Indian Army troops are stationed in Kashmir to supposedly fight the militants that are believed to be funded by Pakistan. According to Indian government, a lot of such people slip across the border to attack the Indian troops and also to terrorize the local population by promising them for shelter and assistance.
While the general overview that is given about Kashmir is related to the peace strategy that is being implemented by both the governments, unreported news states on the ground, that unfortunately very little has been changed inside. For the local innocent villagers, the life is a cycle of never ending militant violence and government oppression. With each passing day they wake up to find out that the team of Indian troops arrived in Srinagar to beat a group of women who were or would detest the detention of two men and women for allegedly having links with the Pakistan militants. Unfortunately this is not the story of one family or one neighborhood. You would find similar brutal stories all along the Kashmir valley that was once recognized for its beauty but is now known for the bloodshed and massacre that prevails inside of it every day.
It wouldn’t be wrong to say that the beautiful state of Kashmir is bleeding with every passing day. The people that become victim of torture and killings is always on a high. Since 1989 when the mutiny began, 40,000 people have already been killed and this figure is a part of official statistics. According to unofficial statistics, the figure is well over 80,000 and surprising element as always is the high number of civilians that are made a target of ruthless killings.
Thousands of Indian soldiers have also been killed and it’s costing billions of dollars for the Indian government to keep their army in Kashmir. According to facts, there is one soldier on duty for every 10 Kashmiri people, thus making the everyday lives of them a nightmare.
The Kashmir dispute continues to be a major bone of contention between India and Pakistan as both the countries have gone to war on three different occasions and now due to the nuclear ability of both these countries; the possibility of war between these two countries is becoming frightening more than ever. The issue continues to be unresolved even after more than the six decades, and is also bleeding out the economy of both Pakistan and India.
Contrary to Indian government that believe insists that the accession of Kashmir to India is final and Kashmir is now an integral part of India, The people of Kashmir themselves insist that it is still a disputed territory and want to be considered as an independent state. This where Pakistan steps in and cashes in on the emotions of Kashmiri people by stating that it is just providing them with moral and diplomatic support for their local freedom struggle.
But with each moment passing, thousands of innocent lives continue to hang in imbalance, thus increasing the death toll of citizens to increasing numbers. It’s high time now to let go of individual egos and let the people of Kashmir breathe a sigh of relief in their very own state.
Nature has blessed Kashmir with a lot of beauty. Being a land of snow, it’s famous for its snow clad mountains and extravagant natural beauty. The border of Kashmir lies with Afghanistan, China and Pakistan and is the northernmost state of the Indian union. Some of the famous tourist attractions and places to visit in the beautiful valley of Kashmir includes Gulmarg, ,Pahalgam, Srinagar,The Mughal Gardens, Jammu and last but not least Ladakh.
You would find several hotels, resorts and houseboats in Kashmir where you can choose to say for as many days as you want. The environment is very hospitable and you would be greeted with a warm Kashmiri welcome by the hotel authorities that are also near to the airport as well as famous tourist attractions. The fare of these hotels is also very economical thus making it affordable for your pocket, no matter what your budget is. If you want you can get all the required information about these hotels, best pricings and deals about these hotels online through their website.
Just like the modern day facilities that other hotels of the world are equipped with, you will also find the hotels in Kashmir to be equipped with lavish designs, beautiful designs, drapery and all other facilities like air conditioning, direct dial telephone service, cable TV, business newspaper and Wi-Fi connectivity. You would find all type of suits, to fulfill the requirement of travelers and to cater to the requirements of international tourists; you would also find multi-cuisine restaurants within these hotels.
One of the places that is highly popular for its natural beauty and unique tourism is Gulmarg. Being a hill station and skiing destination, the place is popular for its golf hikes and beautiful highland gold course. Just like all other places in Kashmir, you would find a lot of options for staying in this picturesque land of Gulmarg. Most of the hotels in Gulmarg are located in the dense thick pine forests, which mean you can easily book yourself a room meeting your requirements and budget amid this lush green valley.
Since the partition of the subcontinent, Kashmir conflict has been one of the major disputes between India and Pakistan. India claims the entire state of J & K and as per statistics dating back to 2010; it administers about 43% of the region including the most parts of Jammu, the valley of Kashmir, Ladakh and the Glacier of Siachen. Pakistan on the other hand contests India’s claims and controls 37% of Kashmir till date including the areas of Azad Kashmir as well as the northern areas of Gilgit and Baltistan.
According to Indian Government and their belief, they have officially stated Kashmir as the integral part of India although the prime minister of India, Manmohan Singh stated that his government is ready to allow autonomy within the purview of Indian constitution to Kashmir given that any consensus is achieved on this issue. Whereas Pakistan considers Kashmir as its jugular vein and states it as a disputed territory whose freedom status must be determined by its people. There is another area in Kashmir which China has stated as its part known by the name of Aksai Chin.
When it comes to the opinion of Kashmiri people, there are different schools of thoughts. While some say that they want to be included as part of Pakistan, some other groups are also of the view that Kashmir should be independent of both India and Pakistan.
Three wars have been fought over this issue by Pakistan and India in the years of 1947, 1965 and 1999. Siachen Glacier is in fact the highest battle ground in the world where India and Pakistan have been also been involved in several skirmishes and have currently got their forces set on its borders.
All this turmoil in Kashmir has resulted in a thousand of deaths as well as the human rights abuse. Although the current established government in Kashmir was selected by a good turnout of voters which the Indian government believed as a sign of people’s acceptance of the Indian rule, one of their prominent leaders Sajjad Lone maintains that the good turnover still doesn’t means that the Kashmiris don’t want their independence.